This page was last modified on 23 December 2020, at 02:10. California is the 3rd largest state in the United States in area, after Alaska and Texas. The Mexican portion became the Mexican states of Baja California Norte (north) and Baja California Sur (south). California: Facts, Map and State Symbols. However, the land was far away from Europe and European settlement didn't really begin for another 200 years. According to the United States Census Bureau in 2015 the population self-identifies as (alone or in combination): By ethnicity, in 2015 the population was 61.2% non-Hispanic (of any race) and 38.8% Hispanic or Latino (of any race). A majority of California's cities are located in either the San Francisco Bay Area or the Sacramento metropolitan area in Northern California; or the Los Angeles area, the Riverside-San Bernardino-Inland Empire, or the San Diego metropolitan area in Southern California. Just before the "Dot Com Bust" California had the 5th largest economy in the world among nations. Water is diverted from the delta and through an extensive network of pumps and canals that traverse nearly the length of the state, to the Central Valley and the State Water Projects and other needs. Trade, intermarriage and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups. Farming-related sales more than quadrupled over the past three decades. When Daeida, Havery's wife, traveled to the East Coast, she met a lady on a train that came from a placed called Hollywood Ohi… Area 163,707 sq. The males’ heads are black with white stripes. Interesting facts about California 1. These majestic trees fascinate me, and I bet you’ll discover a few surprising redwood tree facts you didn’t know! Facts about California 3: the most populated cities. Sacramento is the capital of the U.S. state of California. In the period from 1900 to 1965, the population grew from fewer than one million to become the most populous state in the Union. The Canadian zone mammals include the mountain weasel, snowshoe hare, and several species of chipmunks. California Fun Facts & Trivia . As part of the Ring of Fire, California is subject to tsunamis, floods, droughts, Santa Ana winds, wildfires, landslides on steep terrain, and has several volcanoes. Los Angeles is the largest city in California The Californian poppy is the official state flower Home to the first Disneyland theme park The Giant Sequoia tree is the world’s most massive tree, and one of the largest living organisms on Earth To meet the population's needs, major engineering feats like the California and Los Angeles Aqueducts; the Oroville and Shasta Dams; and the Bay and Golden Gate Bridges were built across the state. The entire west coast of California touches the Pacific Ocean, resulting in natural treasure troves. california facts for kids. The trail was parallel with the Oregon Trail. In 2010, the Modern Language Association of America estimated that 57.02% (19,429,309) of California residents age 5 and older spoke only English at home, while 42.98% spoke another primary language at home. In 1940, the Census Bureau reported California's population as 6.0% Hispanic, 2.4% Asian, and 89.5% non-Hispanic white. Whitney) and the lowest point (Death Valley) in the continental United States. Common birds include the owl, roadrunner, cactus wren, and various species of hawk. This was the beginning of the huge farming business that California has today. This phenomenon is known as "June Gloom." Meanwhile, attracted to the mild Mediterranean climate, cheap land, and the state's wide variety of geography, filmmakers established the studio system in Hollywood in the 1920s. The Spanish called the part of the land that later became part of the United States Alta California (Upper California) when it was split from what became Baja California (Lower California). But starting in the late 1700s, Spanish religious leaders of the Roman Catholic Church ("missionaries") got large gifts of land in the area north of Baja California, from the Spanish king and queen. And the biggest cities in California (Los Angeles, San Francisco, and San Diego) all touch the coastline and are famous for their … Mayflower Lesson for Kids: History & Facts 3:14 California Missions Lesson for Kids: Facts & System 3:45 4:28 Next Lesson. Facts About Los Angeles Weather . Farther inland, there are colder winters and hotter summers. In total, 16 languages other than English were spoken as primary languages at home by more than 100,000 persons, more than any other state in the nation. Native to the cliffs of northern California are seals, sea lions, and many types of shorebirds, including migratory species. In 1848, there were about 4,000 Spanish-speaking people in today's California on the American side. However, this did not happen. Spread out over 100 acres, this is an amusement and water park where you can spend the day riding roller coasters, seeing live … The town started around 1853 as a very small area in what is now Los Angeles, California. I’ve also featured some great books featuring redwood trees to continue learning. Became a State September 9, 1850 (31st) Location west coast of the United States. In these early times, the borders of the Sea of Cortez and the Pacific coast were not well known, so the old maps wrongly showed California to be an island. California grows over 300,000 tons of grapes each year. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of California was 39,512,223 on July 1, 2019, a 6.06% increase since the 2010 United States Census. The condor is one of the heaviest birds of North America—second only to trumpeter swan. Common plants that have been introduced to the state include the eucalyptus, acacia, pepper tree, geranium, and Scotch broom.